In the Australian Curriculum, students develop capability in critical and creative thinking as they learn to generate and evaluate knowledge, clarify concepts and ideas, seek possibilities, consider alternatives and solve problems. Critical and creative thinking involves students thinking broadly and deeply using skills, behaviours and dispositions such as reason, logic, resourcefulness, imagination and innovation in all learning areas at school and in their lives beyond school.
Visible Thinking Project from Harvard University, suggests sentence stems such as See, Think, Wonder, Why do you say that? and I used to think …., but now I think …. And others which are available at: http://www.visiblethinkingpz.org/VisibleThinking_html_files/03_ThinkingRoutines/03a_ThinkingRoutines.html.
The Accountable Talk Toolkit is organised around some similar questions, but also many others. See: http://rpdp.net/admin/images/uploads/resource_11524.pdf
Now we have Teach Thought’s 28 critical thinking question stems for any content area. See https://www.teachthought.com/critical-thinking/28-critical-thinking-question-stems-content-area/. This is a lot of question stems. Teachers will need to consider their appropriateness for content area, issue being discussed, Year level being taught, and perhaps how to introduce gradually.